Case Study On
Water treatment removes or reduces the concentration of contaminants & undesirable components so that the water is fit for its intended end-use. This treatment is critical to human health because it enables people to benefit from both drinking and irrigation.
Water being used for any industrial, commercial, or residential purpose becomes waste material. 80% of world waste material is discharged into the atmosphere while not adequate treatment. Waste material could be a valuable resource however, it's typically seen as a burden to be disposed of the share has to be modified.
Sewage waste material collected from channels, sinks, toilets, drains and gutters, and will embody rain water. Civil waste material includes water that generally comes from waste matter, chemicals from personal hygiene product, improvement agents, cosmetics and medicines, and alternative completely different things. These solids or particles area unit either dissolved, suspended, or floating within the waste material. Through treatment, these solids or particles area unit separated or filtered out as Sludge.
Need of Wastewater Treatment
Wastewater generated from fruit, vegetable, and from brewery, winery, and distillery operations contain high concentrations of dissolved and suspended solids, fats, oils, nitrogen and phosphorus compounds, and other contaminants. Without a well-designed treatment process, such wastewaters generated from these applications create toxic conditions in receiving waters. Different industries also generate considerable amounts of wastewater that have chemicals used throughout the process. This is called industrial wastewater. Wastewater treatment is just as important a task as the monitoring of drinking water supplies.
How is Wastewater Treated?
Wastewater treatment plants use a series of steps for treatment of wastewater:
Application Areas in Wastewater Treatment Plant
Process Water Tank
Coarse & Fine Screens
Grit Trap & Washer
Mixing/ Uniforming Ponds
Sludge Receiving Station
Sludge Thickening Tank
Biogas Storage Facility
Sludge Storage Tank
Combined Sewage Overflow Basin